Expressive Forms – Part 4

Previously, I talked through setting up a calculator form. This time, it’s a menu form. And, I’ll tell you where to get xf_form.js (free) for the helper routines.

A menu consists of several buttons. Each button links to a webpage, except those few buttons whose task it is to expand or collapse the menu. Since there is no submit button, this wouldn’t need to be a form. Yet, making it a form with readonly input fields, means that you have several less divs on your webpage. And I’m always grateful to have fewer divs to have to tell apart.

So, let’s make it a form. As with all the forms I’ve presented, there’s no action or method on the form. The form has an id, and it has an onsubmit attribute. For the menu, onsubmit is not really needed. Each button has the type of “button”. But, just in case the browser says to itself, there must be some onsubmit button, I added onsubmit=”event.preventDefault()”. This keeps the form from ending up with a blank menu.

You can go ahead and set up your menu buttons. If you want emoji on your buttons, my x_press.js library has several which are appropriate for menus. To use the home emoji, just enter &menu_home;. x_press() will interpret it for you. However, since your menu will be on every page, you’ll probably write it as a javascript function. If you do that, you’ll need to change &menu_home; to %menu_home; and call x_press a little differently. Or, you can just go to Emojipedia and copy-paste the emoji from there. xf_form.js relies on x_press.js, so you’ll be adding them both to your <head>. I’ll point the way at the end of this article.

xf_form.js helps with the expand / collapse menu buttons. These use the onclick event, rather than an <a href=…>. Each button has a data-menulevel attribute. I made the first level 0, then 1, then 2. But these routines allow you to assign whatever levels you want. You could start with 10, then 9. You don’t need to go in order, but why confuse yourself.

So, on my menu, all permanent buttons have data-menulevel=”0″. One of those permanent buttons is the menu button. This used to be a triple bar, now it’s a triple dot, as that takes less room. The menu button, expands the menu by opening menu level 1. The menu button also closes menu level 1 when it’s open. So, the menu button toggles menu level 1.

My menu has 3 levels (0, 1, and 2), so the onclick for the menu button is onclick=”xf_menu_close(‘menuform’,[2]);xf_menu_toggle(‘menuform’,[1])”. Close menu level 2 for form with id=”menuform”, then toggle menu level 1. There’s also xf_menu_open. These change the style visibility between visible and hidden.

For instructions on how to use my x_press.js and xf_form.js libraries, go to my Really Useful Javascript webpage. These libraries are light-weight, so they won’t slow down your site. Just keep in mind, that I change these libraries at will. Mostly I add new functions. But sometimes I have to revamp an existing function. And if you’re using that function, it may no longer work. So, contact me from my website to be notified of any changes I make. And, if enough people sign up, I may create new functions, rather than revamping existing ones. That way, the existing ones will still work. Yet, there are times when Google forces me to rewrite functions and not leave the old ones. So, sign up to stay informed. I promise I won’t spam you.

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